Years ago when my children were young, I came across an author whose books inspired me to such a degree that my life was never the same after reading them. The author is Edith Schaeffer, co-founder with her husband, Francis, of L’Abri Fellowship. She wrote many books, most of which were important to me for a variety of reasons, but Hidden Art and What is a Family were at the top of my list. A thread through all her writing was a biblical understanding that human beings are made in the image of an Artist, the Creator of all things seen and unseen. Because of this we have the capacity to imagine and create in all of life for the good of people and planet.
Edith was not the first or only person to glean this understanding from the Bible. It’s there for anyone to read (for example: Genesis 1, Psalm 19:1-2, Colossians 1:16, and Ephesians 2:10). But she was the first author I read that connected the dots of image-bearing and creating to the care of people in everyday life as well as the daily practices that sustain us and promote human flourishing.
As a young mother who, along with my husband, was creating a family culture, I was captured by the fact that I could dream, pray, and work for good stories in the life of our family. It wasn’t about perfection or a life free of heartache and failure, but in the midst of our broken ways and because of grace, we could have better stories to anchor us. The smallest choices to live artfully could communicate love, as well as make a difference in how everyone experienced the world — whether life was interesting and full of opportunities to learn, or whether it was dull, filled only with stories from TV and movies but no stories of our own.
Later in life I came upon a passage from G.K. Chesterton’s book What’s Wrong with the World? He wrote that young children must “be taught not so much anything as everything. Babies need not to be taught a trade, but to be introduced to the world.” Though I didn’t read this until my kids were older, it was this perspective that made raising young children so interesting and full of purpose. And it fuels my imagination even now as a grandmother. To have a subject matter as big as the whole universe and a work dedicated to opening up the world to a child — these are no small things. The parents’ work is primary in this, but the rest of us — whether we be grandparents, aunts and uncles, or good friends — all have a part to play.
In this grand vocation of teaching kids about the world, it’s important to give careful thought to the environments we create for them to grow up in — grandparents’ homes included. Our homes are not neutral places, but rather culture-shaping places. We’re helping to form ideas, attitudes, imagination, compassion, and skills. Our little people will one day be big people who take their places in the flow of history. In hundreds of vocational spheres — as mothers and fathers, artists and scientists, shopkeepers and CEOs — our children and grandchildren will grow up to be the culture-makers of their generation.
Creating an environment that nurtures creativity is therefore an intentional work. If imagination and creativity are truly valued in our home, it shows up in the way we live. Most of us would easily agree that kids are inherently curious and creative. We see it all the time. From their earliest years, children’s impulses are to ask, imagine, pretend, draw, build, discover, and make. It is their work and pleasure. Yet we make lifestyle choices that can squash this natural behavior. There are two that seem especially potent to me — the rule of convenience and too much screen-time.
One of the quickest ways to kill creativity is to live strictly by the code of speed, efficiency, and convenience — always taking the fastest route to everything, or constantly buying what’s pre-made rather than making anything ourselves. There is definitely a place for shortcuts. We all feel the pressure and overload of modern life and are grateful for things that help. Only we can know the demands of our own life and what we need. But if we resist using shortcuts to whatever extent possible, we’ll be yielding to that part of ourselves made in the image of God to create, and we’ll pass on a way of life to our children that values creating and spending time together over convenience.
An example: I do a lot of cooking and baking with my grandson and granddaughter, ages five and almost seven. They’ve been helping me in the kitchen since they were very young, just able to stand safely on a chair pulled up to the counter. I started them out with simple things, and they’ve advanced to more difficult tasks. Along the way they’ve stirred cookie dough, washed broccoli, poured cups of oats into the granola mixture, whisked eggs for scrambling, rolled out pizza and pie dough, “painted” a chicken with melted butter in preparation for roasting, and decorated Christmas cookies.
Last fall we made a date to bake whole wheat bread. I hadn’t attempted bread-baking in years, but I knew it would be a fun project to do with them. Since they also cook with their mom, aunts, and other grandma, they’re comfortable in the kitchen, gaining skills all the time. With a little help and instruction from me, they made the bread from start to finish — measuring the ingredients, mixing the dough, kneading it, letting it rise, shaping it into a loaf, and letting it rise again. My granddaughter, the older of the two, took the lead role in all this, but both kids contributed. When the hot, fragrant bread came out of the oven, it was a proud moment. We cut slices and slathered them with butter and everyone in the house that day celebrated and enjoyed the fruits of the children’s Saturday labor.
So much is missed if we always choose convenience food over cooking that takes more time. The memories made through cooking together aren’t there and that alone is a terrible loss. Kids also miss the opportunity to learn — to practice their counting with each scoop of the measuring cup, to hear about a great-grandmother they never got to meet when her recipes are used, to learn the art of conversation over food they’ve helped make at a table shared with others, and finally, to learn the art of cooking itself.
Another major contributor to the loss of creativity is screen-time. TV, iPads, iPhones, BlackBerries, and computers all have their undeniable place of importance in our adult lives and can be used for good in the life of a child. But too much of any of these devices dampers the imagination and hinders real-time play. Kids who are dependent on these things lose the inner resources to think and create on their own. Too many DVDs or time spent watching other people’s stories on a screen takes away from time spent making up their own games and stories, or acting out their own plays and puppet shows.
The July 19, 2010 issue of Newsweek featured an article titled “The Creativity Crisis” by Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, in which the point is made that America’s declining creativity scores have huge national and international consequences. Creative solutions are needed in a wide range of areas including health care, environmental disasters, and international peace-making. The authors note, “Such solutions emerge from a healthy marketplace of ideas, sustained by a populace constantly contributing original ideas and receptive to the ideas of others.” The article lists long hours of TV and video games as a likely cause of the downward slope of American creativity, and the authors suggest reducing screentime as one of the ways to boost creativity.
There is so much we can do to set up environments that draw out the natural curiosity and creative inclinations of a child. Think of the kinds of things that spark imagination and lead to discovery, and resist the temptation to fill in all the blanks. Toys that only involve pushing a button to make something happen don’t require anything of a child. Coloring books are OK in small doses, but blank paper, crayons, colored pencils, pens, or paints allow kids to experiment, to imagine a scene and learn to draw or paint it, advancing at their own pace. Modeling clay is great for the same reason — it’s wide open to the imagination, and there are no wrong choices. If you don’t have any around, it’s easy to make homemade play dough with a few standard ingredients from the pantry. Recipes abound on the Internet.
A good set of wooden blocks (sometimes called kindergarten unit blocks) is a great birthday present for a one-year-old. They’ll grow into their building abilities as the months and years add up. Likewise, a basic set of age-appropriate Legos, Lincoln Logs, or Tinker Toys will all provide for years of building — castles, bridges, houses, vehicles, cities, and whatever else a child dreams up. They’ll play with them for years and possibly become sophisticated builders along the way!
Dress-up clothes are wonderful to have around. When I was growing up, my grandmother had a special drawer full of old clothes and jewelry she had saved for dress-up play. I can still envision some of the clothes in that drawer and what it felt like to put them on. You can buy all kinds of costumes for kids, but you don’t have to. Little ones are just as happy to have very large scarves tied around their necks, flowing out behind them like superhero capes. Their imaginations will make the necessary adjustments!
Books are vital in nurturing imagination and creativity. Well-written children’s literature with good illustrations is one of life’s great pleasures. Nothing is quite so wonderful as snuggling beside a loved one and being read to, or curling up with a great book and losing yourself in the story. Film is an amazing medium, but books engage the imagination in unique ways that film never can. The listener or reader must imagine the images that correspond to the story in a book. The imagination muscle grows stronger with use.
Children crave stories and develop the vocabulary for their own creativity by being read to, and eventually reading books on their own. Learning to think and communicate well, with access to a larger vocabulary, is a great benefit of reading. In Herself: Reflections on a Writing Life, Madeleine L’Engle writes, “We think because we have words, not the other way around. The more words we have, the better able we are to think conceptually. . . . As a child, when I came across a word I didn’t know, I didn’t stop reading the story to look it up, I just went on reading. And after I had come across the word in several books, I knew what it meant; it had been added to my vocabulary.”
Another way to kindle children’s creativity is to put them in the way of inspiring art. Take them to plays, art galleries, botanical gardens, and ballets. The artistry of others will inspire their own creating and sharpen their aesthetic sensibilities. Exposure to the best art in the world changes all of us. We can’t walk away unaffected.
Give your children the gift of music. Expose them to a wide variety of musical genres. And dance together. Plan for fun and let whimsy have its way. Some of our best family memories involve multi-generation dance parties. When our kids were growing up we celebrated the End of Summer, New Year’s Eve, our twentieth wedding anniversary, Valentine’s Day, and Easter, all with parties that included dancing — with our friends, their friends, and our extended family. Nowadays we have spontaneous dances with our grandkids for no reason at all, apart from the beckoning disco ball that hangs in the large room of our house. I am the world’s most awkward dancer, but I love the pure and blessed relief of laughter and movement to great music.
Opening the door to our children’s creativity often has the added bonus of building a storehouse of good memories for everyone involved. For Christmas two years ago, Molly and Mark, our daughter and son-in-law, took the lead in the way our immediate family would give gifts. The instructions were for each person to draw one name and then make a homemade gift, pledge a service, or give away a belonging we knew the other person would like. I loved the concept, but I was in the final intense months of graduate school and didn’t have a lot of room in my head for new ideas. And since I drew Chuck’s name, everything I have is already his.
Then I remembered that memory-making is a category of creating. I decided my gift would be to facilitate the making of memories between Chuck and his grandchildren. I imagined a treasure box filled with all kinds of materials for them to make things together. I also imagined Chuck teaching them fun things he’d learned when he was young, like how to draw a Beatle boot, make construction paper hats, and create 70s-style beaded necklaces. I went to Michael’s — the place for all things inexpensive and crafty — and bought paper good for sketching and painting, fresh Crayons, new paints (acrylics and water colors), children’s glue, beads and leather string to make jewelry, feathers, wide wooden popsicle-type sticks, masks to paint and decorate, little $1.00 kits to make wooden cars and boats — all kinds of things for grandfather and grandchildren to collaborate on. I called it the “Grandpa Box” and it belongs only to the three of them. Chuck even made up a little song for them to sing together as they work.
Our grandkids already do a lot of making. Their parents are artists and their home environment is very artful and conducive to creating. But making things has always been a part of what they do at our house, too. The kids call it “arting,” and wonder if our home is named the Art House because of all the art they make, and because of how their drawings and paintings are taped all over our refrigerator like an art gallery. I love that they think it all started with them!
Given the opportunity, kids will imagine and create. It’s in their DNA. We can encourage a lifestyle of creating and a love of beauty through our own lives and the choices we make. We can show them we value their making by giving them the gift of time in which to daydream, experiment, play outside, develop their gifts, and ultimately find out what matters to them. Like all of us, they need the pure pleasure of creating with no purpose at all other than the sheer joy of the experience. Hands in the bread dough, fingers in the soil of a garden, paint splashed on paper, songs on the lips — these are gifts from God. An artful, creative life is offered to all. It’s ours for the making.
Andi has loved books and writing from her earliest years on the planet. If you peek into her office, you'll find bookshelves full of journals — from 1984 to the present. If you search even further to the recesses of old boxes in storage closets, you'll find spiral-bound notebooks from the 70s, and her first-ever diary from the early 1960s. It's pink with a lock and key. The pages contain notes from spying on her older sisters and profess her undying love for the Beatles. Andi is the author of Real Love for Real Life: the Art and Work of Caring, and she's also written for Comment, byFaith, The Washington Institute, and In Touch. Written interviews can be found at Ransom Fellowship, Hair in My Coffee, and Comment.